报告人： Prof. Xiaoyang Zhu
(Louis Nicolas Vauquelin Regents Professor in Chemistry Director, Center for Materials Chemistry)
报告题目：Interface Studies on Organic Photovoltaic Cells and Bio-Chips
B.S., Fudan University , 1984
Ph.D, University of Texas at Austin, 1989
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Award, Humboldt Foundation, 2006
Cottrell Scholar Award, Research Corporation, 1996
Camille and Henry Dreyfus New Faculty Award, Dreyfus Foundation, 1993
Alexander-von-Humboldt Fellowship, Humboldt Foundation, 1992
Exciton dissociation and solar energy
One of the key questions we are focusing on is at the heart of future photovoltaic technology: How can one extract electrons and holes from photo-generated excitons in organic semiconductors or inorganic quantum dots? To answer this question, we use model interfaces for organic and quantum dot solar cells and state-of-the-art laser spectroscopic techniques, including femtosecond time-resolved two-photon photoemission spectroscopy (2PPE) and time-resoved second harmonic generation (SHG). As examples, recent discoveries in our lab showed for the first time how an electron and a hole is bound by the Coulomb potential across an organic semiconductor interface and how one can extract hot electrons from a photoexcited PdSe quantum dot.
Charge transport and organic electronics
Charge carrier generation and transport are central to the operation of all organic electronic and optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), field effect transistors (OFETs), and photovoltaic cells (OPVs). A fundamental distinction from their inorganic counter parts is the localized nature of charge carriers in organic semiconductors. We apply in situ optical spectroscopy to directly “see” inside operating devices. This spectroscopic approach allows us to quantitatively establish the nature of charge carriers in organic and polymeric semiconductors. Recent highlights include quantitatively distinguishing electrostatic from electrochemical doping mechanisms and understanding the Mott insulator-to-metal transition in gate-doped polythiophene.
Chemical control of bio-interfaces
Interfacing manmade materials to biological systems is a common challenge to a number of important fields, including biomaterials, biosensors, microarrays, and nanomedicine. We are designing surface chemistry to rationally control such interfaces and probing these soft interfaces using physical tools, such as interfacial force microscopy. Recent highlights include the development of surface chemistry which optimizes the activity of immobilized proteins and allows the “digital” switching of this activity. Another design has led to the successful fabrication of a fluidic and air-stable supported lipid bilayer; this can be the basis for cell mimicking microarrays in high throughput studies, e.g., the screening of nanomedicine targeting cell surface receptors.